Contradictions in the Qur'an (Response)

From WikiIslam, the online resource on Islam
Jump to: navigation, search
This article expresses a pro-Islamic viewpoint. It is a response to: Contradictions in the Qur'an

The Qur'an makes the following statement:

"Then do they not reflect upon the Qur'an? If it had been from [any] other than Allah , they would have found within it much contradiction." [Qur'an, 4:82]

Thus it opens itself up for examination. And challenges the reader to try to disprove it by finding any contradictions within in.

There have been attempts to do so. This article is a response to one such attempt.

My intention is to clarify these matters. Any errors within this article are my own.

"Do not be diverted therefrom by those who do not believe in it - those who pursue their own opinions - lest you fall." 20:16


What was Man Created From?


First of all it was nothing then Allah created the dust the from the dust He created the man. Dust

Yusuf Ali: The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: "Be". And he was.


Yusuf Ali: But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing?


Yusuf Ali: We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape;


Yusuf Ali: He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!

Blood clot

Yusuf Ali: Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:


Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?

Allah's hands

(Allah) said: "O Iblis! What prevents thee from prostrating thyself to one whom I have created with my hands? Art thou haughty? Or art thou one of the high (and mighty) ones?"


It's not a contradiction at all to say that a drink is made of sugar,water and tea. Simlarly no contradiction in saying that man is made of water,bone and dust. It is a contradistinction.

So what ARE we made of? That depends on who you ask.

If you ask an anatomist they will say: "organs, muscles, vessels, and bone."

A chemist will say: "Elements - Mainly carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen), or Compounds - Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and WATER.

An astrophysicist will say: "From the EARTH, which it itself made of Star DUST. And before this everything came from a single incredibly dense particle, And before that there was NOTHING."

An Embryologist will tell you: "Part of the SPERM, which develops in the female to produce an embryo which at one stage resembles a blood CLOT."

Which of them is wrong? They are all right on different levels.

And whilst a pure evolutionist will say that Mankind simply became as a result of randomness and chance, the Qur’an say they were created, with God’s own design, by his power.

You are trying to disprove the Qur'an, but instead all you are doing is proving its veracity. Why do you not read the verses again, perhaps you will find yourself addressed therein: open disputer', and 'will you not then believe'?

What were jinn created from?



Verily We created man of potter's clay of black mud altered, And the jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire. Qur'an 15:26


Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made EVERY living thing of water? Will they not then believe? Qur'an 21:30


Are you disagreeing because you know better? Did you not also claim that a person can't be made from sperm and out of water? Contradistinction, not contradiction.

As you have never seen or studied a Jinn, how would you know how what it is or isn't made of? If it is on the basis that water put fire out, then that is assuming that the fire is the same as what you are familiar with. But already we are told that it is a smokeless fire.

Water is made of hydrogen and oxygen. It is possible that it can be set on fire, and experiments have demonstrated this.

If the hydrogen were released, the resulting flame would be smokeless because there is no source of carbon to create soot.

As for the every living thing is created of water, no one knew that for sure in the days of the Qur'ans revelation. But today science confirms it. The cytoplasm of the cell is made up of around 80% water, and most organisms consist of 50-90% water in their body compositions. The Human body is about 70% water in total if you include the bones; and around 90% if you only consider the tissue.

The fact that the Qur'an has said this 1400 years ago is a sign in itself that we can confirm. So if it also talks about another creation that we are not so familiar with, why should we feel the need to deny it?

How many wings do angels have?


2, 3 or 4

Praise be to Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who appointeth the angels messengers having wings two, three and four. He multiplieth in creation what He will. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things. Qur'an 15:26


Narrated Abu Ishaq-Ash-Shaibani: I asked Zir bin Hubaish regarding the Statement of Allah: "And was at a distance Of but two bow-lengths Or (even) nearer; So did (Allah) convey The Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) and then he (Gabriel) Conveyed (that to Muhammad)." (53.9-10) On that, Zir said, "Ibn Mas'ud informed us that the Prophet had seen Gabriel having 600 wings.


There is nothing in the verse that indicates it is limited to these numbers of wings. And quoting a hadith to contradict the Qur’an? The title of contradictions in the Qur’an would lead a person to believe that you would show contradictions within text of the Qur’an itself.

But in any case, the answer to your "contradiction" is within the text of the very verse itself, in the next clause. "He multiplies/increases/adds to in creation whatever He wills."

Therefore, Yes angels do have 2,3 or 4 wings but there is no restriction on what God decides to create. It is up to him to add or take away from whatsoever He chooses.

Are animals evil?



Already have We urged unto hell many of the jinn and humankind, having hearts wherewith they understand not, and having eyes wherewith they see not, and having ears wherewith they hear not. These are as the cattle - nay, but they are worse! These are the neglectful.


"They are as the cattle". Meaning they will wander anywhere, eat from anywhere. They follow no laws, and will not have any limitations, direction or governance for themselves. They are “animals”.

Clearly for a human being who is elevated on account of his possessing a superior intellect, being called like cattle, or worse – is indeed degrading.

Think. If I were to call your behaviour bore resemblance to that of an animal, would it be the animal or you who is being insulted?


So when they took pride in that which they had been forbidden, We said unto them: Be ye apes despised and loathed!


If you are an evolutionist, you could take that to mean your behaviour has made you worthy of devolution, (or along a pathway different from that of humans). If you are not an evolutionist, then consider that you should be made into an animal, because your behaviour is fitting of one. No offence to the animal.


Seest thou not that to Allah bow down in worship all things that are in the heavens and on earth,- the sun, the moon, the stars; the hills, the trees, the animals; and a great number among mankind? But a great number are (also) such as are fit for Punishment: and such as Allah shall disgrace,- None can raise to honour: for Allah carries out all that He wills.


Everything worships Allah in the way that God has inspired it to do so. It is only the Jinn and the Man who have been given free will.

Does Man have free will?



No soul can believe, except by the will of Allah, and He will place doubt (or obscurity) on those who will not understand.


With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight


Those that wish to believe, are worthy to have their heart open to belief. But those who do not wish it, will remain clouded in doubt and obscurity, because they themselves are averse to the truth, they will be made to dislike it (further).

Consider a lamp. When the person want light, the lamp will shine upon them. But if they turn away, the light will be turned away from them. It is only when they themselves really want to find the light by actually turning towards it, will it be turned towards them. Therefore there is free will.

Some people make the mistake of confusing the concept of predestination with free will.

No one except for God has absolute free will. Every that is created exists within the limits and constraints of the abilities and universe that He has created for them. Predestination is regarding things that a person cannot change; in what year and family they are born into, nationality, genetic make up etc. Free will is the choices that a person is allowed to make.

It is like sitting an exam question consisting of four choices. You can't choose the number of questions, the instrument i.e. pencil that you use to fill it in, where you sit the exam and when, but you have free will in choosing the correct answer instead of the wrong answers.

If you have no intention of learning, you won't learn. You can lead a horse to water but you can't make it drink. And if you don't learn you don't pass.

Are martyrs dead or alive?



Those who fled their homes for the cause of Allah and then were slain or died, Allah verily will provide for them a good provision. Lo! Allah, He verily is Best of all who make provision.


And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah: "They are dead." Nay, they are living, though ye perceive (it) not.


Look again at the verse. “And then were slain OR died.”

The two are not the same. Those who were slain are alive, though you do not understand.

Just as you may bury a seed, and think it to be devoid of life, but it is in fact a living thing, thriving.

Which enters the afterlife? Body or soul?


The body

See they not that Allah who created the heavens and the earth has the power to create the like of them (anew)? ...

The body

Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones? Nay we are able to to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers..

The soul

(To the righteous soul will be said) "O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back thou to thy Lord - well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him! Enter thou, thee among my Devotees! Yea, enter thou My Heaven!"

The soul

"Your creation and your rising (from the dead) are only as (the creation and the rising of) a single soul..." "Your creation and your rising (from the dead) are only as (the creation and the rising of) a single soul..."


The resurrection of mankind will be a bodily one. To the extent that even the fingertips will be recreated. Here’s a question for you: how would a man in Arabia during a time of ignorance, know that every human being has unique fingerprints? Because that is what is being alluded to in this verse.

Now as for the soul, upon death it is separated from the body, until the day of resurrection where it will be reunited with the body that has been remade.

When God refers to a individual he may refer to their soul, as that is the actual part of that has free will, does good or evil, and is thereby worthy of reward or punishment. The righteous soul will be at peace, whilst the unjust will be in distress for their misdeeds. But both will have bodies through which they will given what they earned.

If you say that such and such a number of "poor souls died", do you mean that their bodies are still alive? Or is it merely a reference to them as beings?

Will disbelievers speak on Qiyama?


And the Word will be fulfilled against them, because of their wrong-doing, and they will be unable to speak


That Day shall We set a seal on their mouths. But their hands will speak to us, and their feet bear witness, to all that they did.


The first verse says they will be unable to speak. The second one says their mouths will be sealed - therefore they will be unable to speak. NO contradiction there.

BUT it will be their bodily organs which will bear witness against them. That is not out of their choosing. They still would lack the ability to speak.

Do all Muslims go to hell for some time?



Not one of you but will pass over it: this is, with thy Lord, a Decree which must be accomplished. Afterwards he may save some of the pious, God-fearing Muslims out of the burning fire


Verily Allah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds, to Gardens beneath which rivers flow; while those who reject Allah will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat; and the Fire will be their abode


Why do you not read the verses directly preceding it?

Then We will surely extract from every sect those of them who were worst against the Most Merciful in insolence. Then We will surely extract from every sect those of them who were worst against the Most Merciful in insolence. And there is none of you except he will come to it. This is upon your Lord an inevitability decreed. Then We will save those who feared Allah and leave the wrongdoers within it, on their knees.

It only refers to those who are most insolent and rebellious against the Merciful Lord. It is they who will be brought near to it, so that they shall see it.

Those who were God-fearing will be saved from it, while the wrongdoers will be put within it.

Are humans naked in paradise?



Thus did he lead them on with guile. And when they tasted of the tree their shame was manifest to them and they began to hide (by heaping) on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called them, (saying): Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you: Lo! Satan is an open enemy to you?


Gardens of Eternity will they enter: therein will they be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls; and their garments there will be of silk.


If one event was in the past, where there were only two humans, and thereafter their shame was made apparent to them, is it the same as the future where there are many people?

Whatever the case may have been in the past, you can see the verse about the future is that they are wearing garments of silk and bracelets of gold. So why are you in dissension over it?

A person could similarly say when you were in primary school you used to write with a pencil, but when you will go to secondary school you will write with a pen. Is there any contradiction that you can find?

Was Abraham an idolator?



'Be Jews or Christians and you shall be guided.' Say thou: 'Nay, rather the creed of Abraham, a man of pure faith; he was no idolater.


When the night covered him over, He saw a star: He said: "This is my Lord." But when it set, He said: "I love not those that set."


If you are going to take everything out of its proper context, then you can prove or disprove anything. But only those who have no real argument would do such a thing.

Abraham’s saying so was only part of his argument to the people. They stayed awake for a period of twenty four hours. And they watched the sky (just in case you are also going to take this out of context, that does not mean the satellite TV).

Throughout this, his dialogue was a demonstration to the people that that each of the things that they worshipped were not worthy of worship. He is was in effect through this mode of argument saying, so okay, suppose this is my Lord…how can my Lord be one that diminishes and sets? This is indeed not fitting for a God.

Is grace in Allah's hands only?



That the People of the Book may know that they have no power whatever over the Grace of God, that (His) Grace is (entirely) in His Hand, to bestow it on whomsoever He wills. For God is the Lord of Grace abounding.


...and they did not find fault except because Allah and His Apostle enriched them out of His grace;...


Everything good is ultimately from God’s hands. Whatever agents or means he chooses to bring it, does not make a difference. The Apostle is from God, appointed by God to represent Him to the people; therefore what he does is from God. If I write a letter and the post man delivers it to you, will you say it is from the postman?

Where is Allah?


Inside your vein

We verily created man and We know what his soul whispereth to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein

On a royal chair

He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days; then He mounted the Throne. He knoweth all that entereth the earth and all that emergeth therefrom and all that cometh down from the sky and all that ascendeth therein; and He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah is Seer of what ye do.

Far away

The angels and the spirit ascend unto him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years


To Allah belong the east and the West: Whithersoever ye turn, there is the presence of Allah. For Allah is all-Pervading, all-Knowing.

His home, the Ka'aba

O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Thy Sacred House; in order, O our Lord, that they may establish regular Prayer: so fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with fruits: so that they may give thanks.


When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Let them also, with a will, Listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way.

On water/ocean

And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days - and His Throne was upon the water - that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct. Yet if thou (O Muhammad) sayest: Lo! ye will be raised again after death! those who disbelieve will surely say: This is naught but mere magic.


There is no contradiction between these verses, if only one were to dig a little deeper for the explanation.

“And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge)” [Qaaf 50:16]

"- most of the mufassireen said that what is meant is that He is near by means of His angels whose task it is to record people’s deeds. And those who said that it means that He is near explained it as meaning that He is near by His knowledge, as is said concerning how He is with us." - Shaykh Abd al-Rahmaan al-Barraak [1].

This same explanation can be applied to [Baqarah 2:186]. Allah is near to us in Knowledge. This does not contradict the fact that He rose over His Throne in a manner befitting to Him and that His Throne is above the water (not the ocean, as the 'accusation' implies, since Allah is above the Heavens and this world is certainly not above the Heavens).


Are men and women equal?



And their Lord hath accepted of them, and answered them: "Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female: Ye are members, one of another: Those who have left their homes, or been driven out therefrom, or suffered harm in My Cause, or fought or been slain,- verily, I will blot out from them their iniquities, and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing beneath;- A reward from the presence of Allah, and from His presence is the best of rewards."


Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.


ARE they equal? Or should I say exactly the same? Why do you not complain that it is not fair that nature has not allowed men to carry offspring, or women (normally) to grow beards?

According to democracy, isn’t everyone supposedly equal? Yes, but does that mean that all have the same duties and disposition?

Must the ruler be exactly the same in every respect as those he rules over? No, in order to carry out his duties, he has special rights; despite his equivalence as a person.

Or a police officer? The idea is that he is subject to the same laws as everyone else. But in order to enforce them, he is in some situations above them. If he has to protect the people, he is not punished for breaking the speed limits. And a he may be required to carry weapons as part of his job, while others are not allowed this. But it is not so that he is above the law, merely he is given such a degree above others in order to maintain the peace, and give them their rights of security and protection.

Islam says the same thing about marriage. It is the husband’s role to protect his wife, and to provide for her. To do so, he is given certain rights over her. But he must be just in how he treats her. She is no less in the sight of God, but equality in justice does not necessarily mean uniformity in rights. And of the two, the one who is better in deeds and has more piety, is the one who is superior, as far as God is concerned.

Men and women are equal in terms of rewards and punishments. In terms of this life, we are created for different roles and this is just.

What is the purpose of mankind?


Only to worship Allah

I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me

Also to pursue the habits/sunnah of Muhammad

Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That giveth both life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided."


How do you know how to worship Allah?

Your answer is in the verse you posted. The Messenger of Allah guides you, so you follow him.

The word worship or serve, is not limited to formal prayer. Every action that is performed that is within the bounds of what he has permitted is considered service to God.

The Messenger's role is to make you aware of what is allowed and what is not.

How long does it take Allah to create?


Long time

Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil o'er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds!


The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.


It takes as long as He wills for it to take. Some things may occur in an instant, through which he has set in to effect other things, and created a system which follows laws. If he had wanted, everything could be just like that. But it is so that we may observe the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the various laws and effects, and thereby appreciate him:

In the creation of heavens and Earth, and the alternation between night and day, are signs for those with understanding. Those who remember God while standing, and sitting, and on their sides, and they ponder over the creation of the heavens and the Earth: “Our Lord you did not create this without purpose...” [Qur'an, 3:190-191]

Is intercession possible?



Then guard yourselves against a-Day when one soul shall not avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from her nor shall intercession profit her nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).


O children of Israel! call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations. And be on your guard against a day when ONE SOUL shall not avail ANOTHER in the least, neither shall intercession on its behalf be accepted, nor shall any compensation be taken from it, nor shall they be helped.


Narrated Abu Huraira: When Allah revealed the Verse: "Warn your nearest kinsmen," Allah's Apostle got up and said, "O people of Quraish (or said similar words)! Buy (i.e. save) yourselves (from the Hellfire) as I cannot save you from Allah's Punishment; O Bani Abd Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah's Punishment, O Safiya, the Aunt of Allah's Apostle! I cannot save you from Allah's Punishment; O Fatima bint Muhammad! Ask me anything from my wealth, but I cannot save you from Allah's Punishment."


On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (Allah) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him.


Verily your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority), regulating and governing all things. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except after His leave (hath been obtained). This is Allah your Lord; Him therefore serve ye: will ye not receive admonition


"Muhammad will intercede with Allah to judge amongst the people. He will proceed on till he will hold the ring of the door (of Paradise) and then Allah will exalt him to Maqam Mahmud (the privilege of intercession, etc.). And all the people of the gathering will send their praises to Allah


Intercession is not possible for anyone except for those whom permission has been granted. This can be seen from various verses, such as the mentioned 20:109 .

However, not everyone can benefit from this intercession, how will those who are disbelievers benefit in the hereafter from intercession, if in their worldly life they did not benefit from the warning? Thus in the verses that say there will be no intercession it is seen that they are addressing those that reject faith.

Intercession is only for the believers.

And do not consider every hadith regarding intercession as being authentic. Particularly if your article regards so called contradictions in the Qur’an.

How many gods are there?



Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no God save Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He taketh care of all things.


Then fashioned We the drop a clot, then fashioned We the clot a little lump, then fashioned We the little lump bones, then clothed the bones with flesh, and then produced it as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators!

More than 1 (note plural WE)

And We sent not (as Our messengers) before thee other than men, whom We inspired. Ask the followers of the Reminder if ye know not?


Have ye seen Lat. and 'Uzza


This is the logic of one who has no sense.

How many Queen Victoria's are there? Did she not say, "We are not amused." - note the plural WE.

And Lat and Uzza and Manat were idols that were worshipped by the idolators. The story of the satanic verses is completely fabricated. The verses in the Qur'an do not say that they were Gods, but actually:

They are not but [mere] names you have named them - you and your forefathers - for which Allah has sent down no authority. They follow not except assumption and what [their] souls desire, and there has already come to them from their Lord guidance.

If the Qur'an ever said there were more than one God, or approved of these idols, why were the pagans so against it? Would they have not rejoiced at this contradiction and the religion would not have lasted, if it were so contradictory as you tried, most unsuccessfully, to suggest.

Do Muslims and non-Muslim theists worship the same god?



Nor will ye worship that which I worship.


And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say, "We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)."


Why do you not quote the full thing?:

Say, "O disbelievers,

I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship.

For you is your religion, and for me is my religion."

These verses are not addressing the monotheists. They are directed towards the pagan idolators, at a specific time.

Muslims believe that God is the same for everyone. It is as you have quoted: "Our Allah and your Allah is one" Qur'an 29:46

If people worship Him as a formless perfect and peerless God, then they are worshipping God. If they are not, but instead choose to bow to idols or any of creation, then they have been mistaken in who God is.

Does Allah forgive everything?



Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right)


If Allah forgave all sins, of all people, on all occasions, regardless of whether they were repentant or boastful, then what would be point of heaven and hell? And you really must stop this habit of quoting one verse and ignoring what precedes and follows.

Read the very next verse.

"Turn ye to our Lord (in repentance) and bow to His (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall not be helped.

So, Allah will forgive all sins, provided you repent and thereafter submit to his commands.

Does Allah forgive worshipping other gods/shirk?



Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed.


Allah forgiveth not (the sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).


The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they said: "Show us Allah in public," but they were dazed for their presumption, with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority


Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,


The above verses indicate that God is fully capable of mercy and forgiveness towards his creation, and may forgive any sin that they may have committed provided they don’t die in the state of disbelief in His Sole Lordship.

For those that have in their life, out of ignorance, associated partners, or worshipped other than Him, if they repent sincerely, they will be forgiven. But if they die without repentance, and without making amends (through accepting monotheism), they will not be forgiven.

Does Allah share power?



Say: "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!"


Say: "O Allah! Lord of Power (And Rule), Thou givest power to whom Thou pleasest, and Thou strippest off power from whom Thou pleasest: Thou enduest with honour whom Thou pleasest, and Thou bringest low whom Thou pleasest: In Thy hand is all good. Verily, over all things Thou hast power.


Can not the absolute owner, give and take to and from whom he wills? And in any case, the first verse refers to eternal dominion over the heavens and the earth, whereas the second refers to limited temporal power which has been lent to them. Are the two alike? Are you comparing slaves tested with a position, with their Master who gave them the position?

How long did it take to destroy Aad tribe?


One day

For We sent against them a furious wind, on a Day of violent Disaster,

Several days

So We sent against them a furious Wind through days of disaster, that We might give them a taste of a Penalty of humiliation in this life; but the Penalty of a Hereafter will be more humiliating still: and they will find no help.

A week

He made it rage against them seven nights and eight days in succession: so that thou couldst see the (whole) people lying prostrate in its (path), as they had been roots of hollow palm-trees tumbled down!


The first verse: do you see anywhere that it limits it to one day?

Saying that something was sent on such a day, whereby great destruction was brought about does not exclude the possibility that the destruction continued into the next day or days.

If it is elaborated on in another place, to the extent that its duration is specified, where is the problem? Or do you think that in a week is not composed of days? Or that it does not begin with one?

Extended Response

There have been well known stories of a lost city named Ubar since Ancient times by the bedouin arabs. This was thought to be only a myth, but in 1990, 12 metres below the sands was uncovered a city. Prior to this, the only evidence for its existence would have been from space. This city was found to be full of tall towers or pillars - its distintive feature. What is interesting is how the Qur'an describes a city:

Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the 'Ad (people), Of the (city of) Iram, with lofty pillars, The like of which were not produced in (all) the land?

A city of lofty pillars? Could this be the very same as what was called Ubar? But no historian had ever heard of this city as it could not be found anywhere on record, so IRAM was thought to be nonexistent. That is until the 4300 year old city of Ebla was excavated in Syria. Within its library was a record of all the cities which it had traded with. Iram was one of those mentioned.

So the Qur’an mentions a city which no one knew existed, with its distincitive features by any otherwise unknown name and describes that they were destroyed – and you are contending with its description of how they were destroyed and calling it contradictory!?

And it describes how the Prophet Hud who was sent to the people of Ad warned them.

Now fear Allah, and obey me. Yea, fear Him Who has bestowed on you freely all that ye know. Freely has He bestowed on you cattle and sons,- And Gardens and Springs. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day.

Today the region in which this city was found is arid and dry desrt, but the Qur’an talks about it having gardens and springs? In fact, it was found that the area had once been full of cultivable fertile green land, (although there was still desert) but climate change had caused it to become as it is now.

The 'Ad (people) (too) rejected (Truth): then how terrible was My Penalty and My Warning? For We sent against them a furious wind, on a Day of violent Disaster, Plucking out men as if they were roots of palm-trees torn up (from the ground).

And the 'Ad, they were destroyed by a furious Wind, exceedingly violent. He made it rage against them seven nights and eight days in succession: so that thou couldst see the (whole) people lying prostrate in its (path), as they had been roots of hollow palm-trees tumbled down!

From this we can infer that the Ad were destroyed by a destructive wind, such as a cyclone.

Then, when they saw the (Penalty in the shape of) a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys, they said, “This cloud will give us rain!”. Nay, it is the (Calamity) ye were asking to be hastened!- A wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty!

According to the Qur’an, the people of Ad, did not recognise their calamity even as it was approaching them. They mistook it for a cloud full of rain.

“The first sign (of a dust or sandstorm) is an approaching wall of dust-laden air which may be several thousand feet in height lifted by the strong rising currents and stirred by a fairly strong wind.” Brian Doe, Southern Arabia, Thames and Hudson, 1971, p. 21}}

A cyclone in the desert that draws up a lot of sand as it passes, can therefore resemble a rain cloud from a distance. The French magazine, Ça M’Interesse states the same as follows “Ubar was buried under a sand of 12 meters thickness as a result of a storm”( Ça M’Interesse, January 1993 )

The Qur’an already 1400 years ago spoke of all this. So the location, name, description and manner of destruction – from its approach to its start is all correct. But you are disputing the duration? Well that is simple enough to see from the verses. It was sent on one day – which was described a s a day of furious disaster, throwing people as if they were uprooted trees. The consequence that would be expected if a cyclone were to rage through a built up area.

Then in another place it says that it raged for 7 nights and eight days one after the other. From that you can deduce it was sent in the daytime of the first day and ended before the night of the last day. But in saying that the cyclone was sent on a day that resulted in destruction, there is no limiting it to remain there for just the one day. It as the Qur’an goes on to explain, raged for a number of days.

Therefore there is no contradiction in this story. Only signs for whoever wishes to accept them.

Is Allah similar to anyone or anything?



"…and there is none like unto him."

Yes, face

But will abide (for ever) the Face of thy Lord,- full of Majesty, Bounty and Honour


Wake up! Open up your eyes!

Have you ever heard of figurative language?

If you are in any doubt, look at what I’ve just written. No, I am not under the impression that you (literally) wrote your article whilst you were asleep with your eyes closed. (it means start using your sense)

Britain also has a face, apparently. As does politics, fashion, science as in the “changing face of” Britain/science or whatever else.

This is a metaphor, not a claim that God has a face. One possible meaning of the metaphor being the religion/way of the Lord.

Yes, eyes

Saying: Put him into a chest, then cast it down into the river, then the river shall throw him on the shore; there shall take him up one who is an enemy to Me and enemy to him, and I cast down upon you love from Me, and that you might be brought up before My eyes


Can you show me this ‘eye’ that the United States supposedly has on the Middle east? I’m hearing a lot about it on the news, but I can’t seem to see it anywhere with my own physical eyes. Again it is a metaphor, this time meaning ‘watch’ or ‘observation’.

Yes, hands

The Jews say: "Allah's hand is tied up." Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter. Nay, both His hands are widely outstretched: He giveth and spendeth (of His bounty) as He pleaseth. But the revelation that cometh to thee from Allah increaseth in most of them their obstinate rebellion and blasphemy. Amongst them we have placed enmity and hatred till the Day of Judgment. Every time they kindle the fire of war, Allah doth extinguish it; but they (ever) strive to do mischief on earth. And Allah loveth not those who do mischief.

Yes, hands

(Allah) said: "O Iblis! What prevents thee from prostrating thyself to one whom I have created with my hands? Art thou haughty? Or art thou one of the high (and mighty) ones?

Yes, hands

And they esteem not Allah as He hath the right to be esteemed, when the whole earth is His handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens are rolled in His right hand. Glorified is He and High Exalted from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him)


Again to use the US as an example. It seems they are very 'heavy handed', in using the 'hand' of force, against countries who they fear may get their 'hands' on WMDS.

Hands could mean power/ or possession, depending on the context. In my example you would not interpret it literally. Why then do you always interpret the Qur’an literally? If your answer is that it claims its verses are clear, the fact is they are to the one who wishes to take a clear course. But of course you can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink. (Again this is a metaphor.)

Yes, legs

The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to bow in adoration, but they shall not be able.

Yes, sits down just like us

And the angels shall be on the sides thereof; and above ) I them eight shall bear on that day your Lord's power.


The Ka'aba is called the "House of God", but does that mean He lives in it? The "Throne" is also just a representation of His Power.

Yes, has a shade like us

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Seven people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His. They are:


Shade means protection, or somewhere to take shelter under. Not a shade as in a shadow produced by an object when it blocks the rays of the sun. How could that be when God is the one who created light? Do you think there is a source greater than Him, that he would be blocking it?

Could Allah have a Son?



If Allah had willed to choose a son, He could have chosen what He would of that which He hath created. Be He Glorified! He is Allah, the One, the Absolute.


Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth; How can He have a son when He has no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things


Meaning that whatever you may call a son, would be his own creation, just as everything is, so why do you call anyone a son? If anyone is, everyone is, and it is better that you do not call anyone at all, because then you would begin on the path of deifying people and raising them to the rank of godhood, and making them into partners.

In what way could you claim that God has a son, when he is not like us nor does he have any partner. Everything is only a creation of His. Just as Adam was. Just as we all are. So there is no question of God having a son.

Is Allah proud?



The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in his names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.


To Allah belong all things in heaven and earth: verily Allah is He (that is) free of all wants, worthy of all praise.


Who do the best names belong to, if not God. He is stating a fact, and if He is telling us to address him by such names, it is so that we will better understand his attributes.

What are these names? The Forgiving, the Merciful, the Just, the Powerful, the Answerer of prayers.

If I ask the president who is in charge on the country, and he says he is, is that arrogance?

And why do you not read the verses that you yourself post? You have your answers there. He is "free of all wants, worthy of all praise."

He is praised because He is worthy of it.

Is Muhammad the last prophet?



Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things.

No, Jesus will return

But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise

No, the Mahdi is

“There would be a caliph in the last (period) of my Ummah who would freely give handfuls of wealth to the people wiothout counting it. I said to Abu Nadra and Abu al-'Ala: DO you mean 'Umar b. 'Abd al-Aziz? They said: No (he would be Imam Mahdi.)”


The term 'Seal of the Prophets' means that no one will be sent for the mission of Prophethood after him. Jesus was given this rank prior to Muhammad being sent to guide Mankind.

And Jesus’s return is not to bring any new message, but to support the Mahdi in his mission. Both will be following what Muhammad brought, without any alteration, addition, deduction or corruption.

‘The 'Mahdi’ is not a prophet. He is an Imam, or just ruler, from amongst the descendants of the FINAL Prophet, Prophet Muhammad.

Can messengers perform miracles?



And they say: "Why are not miracles sent down to him from his Lord? Say: "The signs are only with Allah , and I am ONLY a plain warner."


We have made some of these apostles to excel the others; among them are they to whom Allah spoke, and some of them He exalted by (many degrees of) rank; and We gave clear miracles to Isa son of Marium, and strengthened him with the holy spirit.


They cannot of their own accord perform miracles, except with the permission of Allah.

And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead - by permission of Allah . And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.” [3:49]

A demand from people for miracles is only realised when God wishes to show them, not out of the Messenger’s own choice. He has no say in the matter, for he is only a plain warner.

Are all messengers descended from Abraham?



and We established the prophethood and the Scripture among his seed.


And verily We have raised among every people a messenger, (proclaiming): Serve Allah and shun false gods.


Do you know that many of the world’s royal families or leaders are related? Does that make a difference though that they are rulers in their respective nations?

Do all messengers eat food?



We never sent before thee any messengers but lo! they verily ate food and walked in the markets. And We have appointed some of you a test for others: Will ye be steadfast? And thy Lord is ever Seer.


But when he saw their hands went not towards the (meal), he felt some mistrust of them, and conceived a fear of them. They said: "Fear not: We have been sent against the people of Lut."


You should be aware that the verse 11:70 refers to angels who have been sent to give them the message of the birth of Isaac to the Prophet Ibrahim, whereas the first verse (25:20) refers to human messengers who were Prophets, not angels. This is clear from the very next verse which states:

And those who do not expect the meeting with Us say, "Why were not angels sent down to us, or [why] do we [not] see our Lord?" They have certainly become arrogant within themselves and [become] insolent with great insolence.

Had verse 25:20, referred to angels as well, people would not have made the objection. It can be seen from history that that instance of this verse’s revelation was their objection that why has a messenger who eats food and walks in the markets, been sent to us? Why has an angel not been sent instead?

Therefore, as opposed to proving a contradiction, you have only once again brought to light the truth of it.

When did Pharaoh command killing of baby boys?


When moses was an infant

Throw (the child) into the chest, and throw (the chest) into the river: the river will cast him up on the bank, and he will be taken up by one who is an enemy to Me and an enemy to him': But I cast (the garment of) love over thee from Me: and (this) in order that thou mayest be reared under Mine eye.

When moses was a prophet

And when he brought them the Truth from Our presence, they said: Slay the sons of those who believe with him, and spare their women. But the plot of disbelievers is in naught but error.


These are two separate incidents. The first is when Pharaoh was told about the impending birth of one who will destroy him.

The second is when he was trying to dampen the resolve of Moses's followers by killing their children.

Therefore there is no contradiction.

Was the Pharaoh killed?



Yusuf Ali: We took the Children of Israel across the sea: Pharaoh and his hosts followed them in insolence and spite. At length, when overwhelmed with the flood, he said: "I believe that there is no god except Him Whom the Children of Israel believe in: I am of those who submit (to Allah in Islam)."
Yusuf Ali: (It was said to him): "Ah now!- But a little while before, wast thou in rebellion!-and thou didst mischief (and violence)!


Yusuf Ali: "This day shall We save thee in the body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! but verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!"


Yusuf Ali: Moses said, "Thou knowest well that these things have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye-opening evidence: and I consider thee indeed, O Pharaoh, to be one doomed to destruction!"


Yusuf Ali: So he resolved to remove them from the face of the earth: but We did drown him and all who were with him.


It does not so much as even imply that the pharaoh was not killed.

You have quoted verses 10:90-2, claiming that they suggest that the pharaoh was not killed. Let us assess your claim. “When the flood over took him.” - so we was just about to be drowned, when he said okay I submit now. But an apology is meaningless when he can see that he is about to be destroyed. So he was told that his body would be preserved and thus be a sign for those who came after him, to see what was the end of the rejecters.

You can see the pharaoh’s body in the museum. So the prophecy of the Qur’an has come true. How would a man in a time of ignorance know this?

If what you are trying to suggest is that by his body being preserved it means that he will be kept alive, you are really stretching it.

Before now I have never heard such an interpretation. So if you are finding contradictions with your novel interpretations, then I suggest that it is your mind that is the source of contradictions and not the book.

One who is looking will find, but the one who only makes excuses will always be left without.



Moses instructed by Allah to do magic

They said: "O Moses! whether wilt thou that thou throw (first) or that we be the first to throw?"

Magic is evil

And from the evil of malignant witchcraft


If it is magic, then why do the magicians believe in His Prophethood?

"Throw what you hold in your right hand, and it will swallow what they fabricated. What they fabricated is no more than the scheming of a magician. The magician's work will not succeed." The magicians fell prostrate, saying, "We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses."

It says the magicians plot will not succeed, so how are you saying that Moses was a magician? Nowhere in the Qur’an does it say that any of the Prophets indulged in magic. It is always only the disbelievers that accuse them of it.

Surely, the magicians would be the most acquainted with what is magic and what is not. But consider their response:

He [Pharaoh] said, "Did you believe in him without my permission? He must be your chief; the one who taught you magic. I will surely sever your hands and feet on alternate sides. I will crucify you on the palm trunks. You will find out which of us can inflict the worst retribution, and who outlasts whom." They [the magicians] said, "We will not prefer you over the clear proofs that came to us, and over the One who created us. Therefore, issue whatever judgment you wish to issue. You can only rule in this lowly life.

It is Pharaoh who is claiming it is magic, while the magicians are saying it nothing but a clear proof.

You will find this again and again:

…But when he came to them with clear proofs, they say: This is mere magic.” [Quran 61:6]
And even if We had sent down to you, [O Muhammad], a written scripture on a page and they touched it with their hands, the disbelievers would say, "This is not but obvious magic." [Quran 6:7]

Are you doing any different when you make similar accusations against clear proofs?

Should Muslims follow earlier scriptures?


Yes, the New Testament, scrolls of Abraham, the Zabur (book of Sabians) and Torah should all be followed

Say ye: "We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam)."

No, you shouldn't

There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: (As they read) you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part of the Book; and they say, "That is from Allah," but it is not from Allah: It is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it!


In their original form they are from God, and muslims believe in the earlier scriptures. But they have been corrupted by the hands of man, who write with their own hands, and then claim it is from God.

Whilst believing in the existence of something which was once pure, there is no indication of following it when it has now been corrupted and replaced with something better.

You have no problem believing that the water that enters your sink is pure and clean, but after you wash your dishes with it, will you drink it?

Who brought the revelation to Muhammad?


Holy spirit

Say, the Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from thy Lord in Truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as a Guide and Glad Tidings to Muslims

Angel Jibreel

Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah's leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers;


The Holy Spirit IS the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel).

Do you have nothing better than this?

One is a title, the other is his name. It's like when we say The Holy Prophet, we mean The Prophet whose name is Muhammad.

How many angels spoke to Mary?



She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects


Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah hath chosen thee and purified thee- chosen thee above the women of all nations.


These were two separate incidents.

Read the next verse.

And (remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you, and chosen you above the women of the nations."O Maryam! Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord and prostrate yourself, and bow down with those who bow."

The first verse you have quoted tells the story of how the Angel Gabriel was sent to her to inform her that she would give birth to a child.

The Second says how she was told that she has been chosen above all others, and told to submit to Allah by bowing with those who bow. She thus entered the place of prayer.

Is jewellery okay



O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters.
It is He Who has made the sea subject, that ye may eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender, and that ye may extract therefrom ornaments to wear; and thou seest the ships therein


Qarun was doubtless, of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently towards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him that their very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men, behold, his people said to him: "Exult not, for Allah loveth not those who exult (in riches).


Where exactly does it say that wearing jewellery is not allowed?

The problem with Qarun was that he thought his wealth made him superior to everyone else. And it is that which led to his downfall. It caused him to be disobedient.

Is drinking alcohol okay?


Paradise has rivers of Alcohol

A similitude of the Garden which those who keep their duty (to Allah) are promised: Therein are rivers of water unpolluted ... and rivers of wine delicious to the drinkers.

Yes, as long as you're not praying

O ye who believe! Draw not near unto prayer when ye are drunken, till ye know that which ye utter, nor when ye are polluted, save when journeying upon the road, till ye have bathed. And if ye be ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have touched women, and ye find not water, then go to high clean soil and rub your faces and your hands (therewith). Lo! Allah is Benign, Forgiving.

Huge sin

They question thee about strong drink and games of chance. Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness. And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous. Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye may reflect

Alcohol is from Satan

O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan's handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed.


These are rivers of a kind of pure wine which does not cause intoxication. It is not like the wine of this earth. And it does not say rivers of alcohol.

And in paradise men can wear silk and gold but not so in this world. Therefore it pointless to compare the laws of this world with the reward of the next.

And from the fruit of the date-palm and the vine, ye get out wholesome drink and food: behold, in this also is a sign for those who are wise Qur'an 16:67

Firstly for the verse 16:67 look at the other translatons:

PICKTHAL: And of the fruits of the date-palm, and grapes, whence ye derive strong drink and (also) good nourishment. Lo! therein is indeed a portent for people who have sense. SHAKIR: And of the fruits of the palms and the grapes-- you obtain from them intoxication and goodly provision; most surely there is a sign in this for a people who ponder.

It is only the translator YusufAli who calls it "wholesome drink".

This verse was revealed before it was prohibited. But through it God is telling people something. That is why he is saying there's a sign in that for those who have sense/ponder.It showing that from the same source, you can get strong drink OR good nourishment. The first is therefore not good nourishment.

And all you have done is show how the revelation concerning alcohol came in stages. In the first instance it was put in a verse making a distinction between it (as an intoxicant) and the goodly provision which is also from the same source. So you realise it is not a goodly provision.

Then the believers are told not to pray whilst intoxicated, because then they will not be able to understand what they are saying. Effectively this will prevent them from drinking in the first place, because they have to pray at five times a day, at least, and intoxication may last for a long duration of time. Next they are told that although there is some benefit in it, the harm outweighs the benefit. In the final instance, once people’s minds have been prepared sufficiently and they have been properly weaned off alcohol, they are told that it is from Satan, and that they should leave it aside so that they can be successful. As it is impure, and only the pure are successful.

So where is the contradiction? Remember these are a series of revelations.

Things were prohibited and duties were given stage by stage, so that people would not feel burdened by it. Do you notice how the first thing they were called towards was Acceptance of the unity of God, and thereafter the Prophethood? At the start there was no mention of fasting, pilgrimage, paying the poor rate or prayer. These were encouraged as they had passed the previous stage. This was to make things easy, not difficult. Otherwise the whole Qur'an could have been revealed in one instant.

How many Thamud killed the she-camel?



But they called to their companion, and he took a sword in hand, and hamstrung (her).


So they hamstrung the she-camel,


What do you think? That they were all going to carry a sword and each would strike at the exact same moment to hamstring the camel?

As a group they were all guilty even if it was only one of them who actually committed crime, because they all called for it and made no actions to stop it.

This is the same as the criminal law in the UK. If you are part of a group where one member commits a crime and you did not take any action to stop it, you are all considered to have committed it.

Allah doesn't know mathematics?


wife 1/8 = 3/24 daughters 2/3 = 16/24 father 1/6 = 4/24 mother 1/6 = 4/24 total = 27/24

Allah (thus) directs you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased Left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases ('s) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by Allah; and Allah is All-knowing, Al-wise.

In what your wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if they leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what ye leave, their share is a fourth, if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child, they get an eighth; after payment of legacies and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question, has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to any one). Thus is it ordained by Allah; and Allah is All-knowing, Most Forbearing.


The Qur'an is the guiding text which explain the general principles of things. However, it is the Apostle's duty to explain the finer details. This can be seen with Prayer for example. The Qur'an stresses the importance of prayer, but doesn't give the exact details of it. However, it points towards obedience to the Prophet and following what is revealed to him for guidance in all matters.

So in the case of inheritance the general principles are mentioned, but as there are a great many potential cases which may arise, they are not all covered under these. The hadith give further information about what to do in other cases.

The example you provided is already well known.

"Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (as) was once interrupted while he was delivering a sermon from the pulpit by someone who asked him how to distribute the inheritance of someone who had died leaving a wife, his parents and two daughters. Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (as) instantly answered:

"The wife's share becomes one ninth."


This answer is in fact the result of a long analysis with a number of steps. Ordinarily, we have to decide on the original share of each of these heirs, in the following way:

The wife takes one eighth, in view of the presence of an inheriting child. [Noble Qur'an, 4:12] The deceased's father and mother take one sixth each. [Noble Qur'an, 4:11] The two daughters take two thirds of the inheritance. [Noble Qur'an, 4:11] So the total will be: 1/8 + 1/6 + 1/6 + 2/3 = 3/24 + 4/24 + 4/24 + 16/24 = 27/24

This means the share becomes less than 1/8 in view of the increase of the total of the shares which are so fixed and prescribed. So the one eighth, the original share due to the wife out of twenty-four total shares, has become three shares out of a total of twenty-seven, which is one ninth."

Therefore, it is not a lack of mathematical knowledge in the Qur'an, but in the one who does not know how to apply it.

If you disagree, consider how many cases and situations it covers. There is great wisdom behind the apportioned amounts for each category of inheritor, if you care to delve into it.

See Also