Dr. Keith Moore and the "Islamic Additions"
Keith Leon Moore (born 5 October 1925 in Brantford, Ontario) is a professor emeritus in the division of anatomy, in the Faculty of Surgery, at the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Moore is associate dean for Basic Medical Sciences in the university's Faculty of Medicine, and was Chair of Anatomy from 1976 to 1984. He is a founding member of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists (AACA), and was President of the AACA between 1989 and 1991.
Dr. Moore is notable as the only embryologist directly quoted by Islamic sources in an attempt to prove embryology as described in the Qur'an is scientifically correct. In the 1980s he accepted an invitation by the Embryology Committee of King Abdulaziz University to produce a special 3rd edition of his most successful book "The Developing Human" specifically for use by Muslim students in Islamic Universities. He was financially patronized by the Saudi royal family for the use of his name, and for no real additional work.
The textbook he delivered to the Saudi Universities that commissioned the work is titled, "The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology with Islamic Additions." The base textbook was work that Moore had completed years before. He did nothing new for this new edition. The “Islamic additions” are actually the work of an Abdul Majeed al-Zindani, so it alternates chapters of standard science with Zindani's "Islamic additions".
Links to Islamic Terrorists
The co-writer of Moore's book is a leading militant Islamist named Abdul Majeed al-Zindani. He is the founder and head of the Iman University in Yemen, head of the Yemeni Muslim Brotherhood political movement and founder of the Commission on Scientific Signs in the Quran and Sunnah (one of the organizations that spearheaded Bucailleism), based in Saudi Arabia.
Zindani served as a contact for Ansar al-Islam (Al), a Kurdish-based terrorist organization linked to al-Qaeda, has links to John Walker Lindh and Anwar al-Awlaki, and in 2004 the US Treasury Department published a press release stating that the United States had by executive order designated Zindani as a "Specially Designated Global Terrorist".
Interestingly, the Acknowledgments for the book recognize a number of “distinguished scholars” who supported the book with time or money. And number 6 on the list is Saifullah Shaykh Osama bin Laden (Zindani had a long history of working with bin Laden, notably serving as one of his spiritual leaders).
Moore's Current Views
The result of Moore's and Zindani's collaboration is not an academic book and subsequent editions omit and contradict the "Islamic additions". Reverting back to his previous description, they basically admit that the embryology in the Qur'an is a repetition of Greek and Indian medicine
For example, in 1986 he wrote that "The drop or nutfa [in Surah 23:13] has been interpreted as the sperm or spermatozoon, but a more meaningful interpretation would be the zygote which divides to form a blastocyst which is implanted in the uterus ("a place of rest")," but in the 8th edition of The Developing Human (published 2007), he writes that "Growth of science was slow during the medieval period... human beings [according to the Qur'an] are produced from a mixture of secretions from the male and female. Several references are made to the creation of a human being from a nutfa (small drop). It also states that the resulting organism settles in the womb like a seed, 6 days after its beginning."
This shows that Moore's previous statements on embryology in the Qur'an were not based on science, but merely the result of patronage by the Saudi royal family.
J. Needham, a well known authority on the history of embryology and a reference cited in Keith Moore's books, has also dismissed embryology in the Qur'an as merely "a seventh-century echo of Aristotle and the Ayer-veda."
Denial of Involvement
Moore's current CV does not reflect any involvement with Islam, the Qur'an or Islamic embryology. It also omits mentioning the 3rd edition of The Developing Human and its connections to Islamic terrorists. Nor does he mention his lecture in Saudi Arabia or any of his Islam-related activities in Muslim-majority countries.
In 2002, Moore declined to be interviewed by the Wall Street Journal on the subject of his work on Islam, stating that "it's been ten or eleven years since I was involved in the Qur'an."
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- Islamic apologetics in the International Journal of Cardiology - PZ Myers, Pharyngula, November 3, 2010
- Abdul Majeed al-Zindani - Wikipedia, accessed July 29, 2013
- "Honored Member Award 1994 Keith L. Moore, MSc, PhD, FIAC, FRSM", American Association of Clinical Anatomists, http://www.clinical-anatomy.org/honored/moore.html.
- "Keith L. Moore: My 60 years as a Clinical Anatomist", American Association of Anatomists, http://www.anatomy.org/content/keith-l-moore.
- "American Association of Clinical Anatomists – Past Presidents", American Association of Clinical Anatomists, http://www.clinical-anatomy.org/pastpresidents.html.
- Keith L. Moore, Shaykh Abdul-Majeed A. Azzindani (1983), The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology with Islamic Additions, Abul Qasim Publishing House (Saudi Arabia) ISBN: 0721664925
- Josh Devon - Yemeni Sheikh of Hate - National Review, January 7, 2003
- United States Designates bin Laden Loyalist, United States Department of the Treasury, JS-1190, February 24, 2004
- Keith L. Moore (Author), T. V. N. Persaud (Author), The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 7th edition, ISBN: 0721694128. Page 9
- A Scientist's Interpretation of References to Embryology in the Qur'an. Journal of the Islamic Medical Association, 1986: vol.18, Page 15-16 .
- Keith L. Moore, T.V.N. Persaud, Chapter 1 - HISTORICAL GLEANINGS - The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 8th edition, 2007, ISBN: 978-1416037064
- J. Needham, Cambridge, 2nd edition 1959, A History of Embryology, page 77.
- Daniel Golden - Western Scholars Play Key Role In Touting 'Science' of the Quran - Wall Street Journal, January 23, 2002