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Fard (الفرض‎) is an Islamic term meaning Compulsory. It refers to religious duties incumbent upon all Muslims, of which there are two types:

  • Individual duty (لواجب الع fard al-ayn)

Meaning something all individual Muslims must perform.

  • Sufficiency duty (الواجب الكفائي fard al-kifaya)

Meaning something that is a collective duty among the body of believers, but may not require each individual Muslim to perform.

See Also