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Fiqh (فقه‎) is Islamic jurisprudence. This jurisprudence by Islamic jurists is a complimentary expansion of Shari'ah, based directly on what Muslims consider to be the sacred writings of the Qur'an and Muhammad's Sunnah.

They comprise of new rulings/interpretations of Islamic laws which are necessitated by varying factors in the evolving world, factors which Muhammad would not have encountered during his prophethood. The scope for reform is limited by the non-allowance of Bid'ah (innovation).

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