Qur'an Explains the Universe

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This article expresses a pro-Islamic viewpoint.
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The Qur'an stated 1400 years ago that, "Angels travel in one day the same distance that the moon does in 1000 lunar years(i-e) 12000Lunar orbits/Earth day, which outside the gravitational field turned out to be the speed of light.

Qur'an Surah

The Qur'an is not a scientific book or a book of stories. Many people argue the point that Muslims try to explain a whole topic on the basis of one sentence from the Qur'an. My reply to that argument is that the Holy Qur'an is Allah's book, and in it, Allah gives hints about everything on every topic; therefore even the smallest sentence can be the basis of an entire book.

Before making that assumption about the Holy Qur'an,what has to be understood is that the Qur'an is not addressing someone in year 2009. It is addressing people in 600 ca and explaining incidents that occurred in 4000 BC. The mental capacity and the level of understanding of someone in 600 ca is different from a modern day individual. If Allah had clearly said in the Holy Qur'an "the Earth is round", people would have believed in it, but they also would have been confused by it. And that confusion would have caused weakening of faith and become the cause of strengthening the will of Prophet Muhammad pbuh's rivals. But even today in 2009, humans have not been able to find any discrepancies in the Holy Qur'an. And even after a 1000 years, the Qur'an will still be ahead of science because it is the book of Allah and of course as he is the creator of the universe, his knowledge will exceed that of mere humans.


  • Allah it is Who raised up the heavens without visible supports, then mounted the Throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to be of service, each runneth unto an appointed term; He ordereth the course; He detaileth the revelations, that haply ye may be certain of the meeting with your Lord. (2)

Do you know why the same half of the moon always faces Earth? The moon has been facing Earth like this for more than 4 billion years. Just like Earth rotates on its axis once every day with respect to stars, the moon also rotates on its axis with respect to stars. Since the moon keeps facing Earth this means that the moon needs to travel 360 degrees around Earth with respect to stars in order to rotate 360 degrees on its axis with respect to stars. When the moon first formed it was very close to Earth and it orbited Earth once every few hours, today this period is 27 days, and as the moon continues to recede this period will continue to increase; the greater the distance from Earth the greater this period becomes. When this period becomes 50 days, for example, this also means that it will take the moon 50 days to rotate 360 degrees on its axis with respect to stars. So as the moon recedes from Earth its spin with respect to stars slows down, that is, it loses rotational kinetic energy (this is different from moon's kinetic energy due to moon's motion around Earth). If the distance to the Earth increases to infinity, the moon would stop spinning with respect to stars and hence its rotational kinetic energy decreases to zero. This proves that the moon's rotational kinetic energy is a function of the distance from Earth. Similarly, the total energy of the Earth-moon system is a function of the distance from the sun.


  • And He hath constrained the night and the day and the sun and the moon to be of service unto you, and the stars are made subservient by His command. Lo! herein indeed are portents for people who have sense. (12)


  • And we have made the sky a roof withheld (from them). Yet they turn away from its portents. (32)
  • And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit (33)


  • See ye not how Allah hath created seven heavens in harmony, (15)
  • And hath made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? (16)
  • And Allah hath caused you to grow as a growth from the earth, (17)


  • A token unto them is night. We strip it of the day, and lo! they are in darkness. (37)
  • And the sun runneth on unto a resting-place for him. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise. (38)
  • And for the moon We have appointed mansions till she return like an old shrivelled palm-leaf. (39)
  • It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit. (40)


  • He maketh the night to pass into the day and He maketh the day to pass into the night. He hath subdued the sun and moon to service. Each runneth unto an appointed term. Such is Allah, your Lord; His is the Sovereignty; and those unto whom ye pray instead of Him own not so much as the white spot on a date-stone. (13)


  • Lord of the heavens and of the earth and all that is between them, and Lord of the sun's risings. (5)
  • Lo!We have adorned the lowest heaven with an ornament, the planets; (6)


  • He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth. He maketh night to succeed day, and He maketh day to succeed night, and He constraineth the sun and the moon to give service, each running on for an appointed term. Is not He the Mighty, the Forgiver? (5)


  • Then turned He to the heaven when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth: Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient. (11)
  • Then He ordained them seven heavens in two Days and inspired in each heaven its mandate; and We decked the nether heaven with lamps, and rendered it inviolable. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Knower. (12)


  • Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah's Sovereignty) for people who have sense. (164)




It is a great miracle that these facts, which could not possibly be discovered without the technology of the 20th century, were explicitly stated by the Qur'an 1,400 years ago.

See Also